Archaeologists believe Egypt's large pyramids are the work of the Old Kingdom society that rose to prominence in the Nile Valley after B.C. Historical. Although largely associated exclusively with Egypt, the pyramid shape was first used in ancient Mesopotamia in the mud-brick structures known as ziggurats. No cameras were around thousands of years ago when the ancient Egyptians built the three pyramids of Giza, for each of three pharaohs. South of the main pyramid field at Saqqara is a second collection of later, smaller pyramids, including those of Pepi I, Isesi, Merenre, Pepi II and Ibi. The Egyptians believed that if the pharaoh's body could be mummified after death the pharaoh would live forever. XVII Sobekemsaf Spiel zu zweit Sobekemsaf Egyptian pyramid Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef Nubkheperre Intef Senakhtenre Ahmose Seqenenre Tao Kamose. Their massive scale reflects the unique role that the pharaoh, or king, played in ancient Egyptian society. Several kilometeres to the north of the Bent Pyramid is the last — and most successful — of the three pyramids constructed during the reign of Sneferu; the Red Pyramid is the world's first successfully completed smooth-sided pyramid. You may use the material on this site for Educational, non-profit purposes provided I'm credited with a link back to this site. Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store. Beneath the 3rd Dynasty pyramid of pharaoh Djoser, early explorers found more than 40, stone vessels. Radiocarbon dating can only tell us when a tree died, not when it was last used. No cameras were around thousands of years ago when the ancient Egyptians built the three pyramids of Giza , for each of three pharaohs Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. The Step Pyramid was surrounded by a complex of courtyards, temples and shrines, where Djoser would enjoy his afterlife. Scientists have calculated the rate at which C14 decays. One suggestion is that they were designed as a type of "resurrection machine. The number of dates from the two projects was only large enough to allow for statistical comparisons for the pyramids of Djoser, Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. This site, halfway between Giza and Abu Sir, is the location for two unfinished Old Kingdom pyramids. For centuries, the Great Pyramid was encased in smooth limestone, but this was plundered in our era to build Cairo. The new pharaoh, in turn, became Horus, the falcon-god who served as protector of the sun-god, Ra. Although largely associated exclusively with Egypt, the pyramid shape was first used in ancient Mesopotamia in the mud-brick structures known as ziggurats, and continued to be used by the Greeks and Romans.